Borders between the global north and south are fortified and militarized to secure the movement of wealth and goods while limiting the movement of poor immigrants and refugees. These borders can correspond to national borders, and they can also divide areas according to ethnic, racial, or religious lines. At times, these borders cut through ancestral lands, nature reserves, take over resources, isolate and strangle occupied peoples. The fortification of these borders is never ending, using ever-growing physical barriers, armed presence, and technological surveillance and monitoring. The border industry has been similarly growing, with the advent of private policing and the development of virtual border, surveillance and monitoring technologies.

This section focuses on the main companies involved in the militarization of borders and the policing of immigration, and it is organized in four parts with the following sub-sections.

  • Militarization of the US-Mexico Border:
  1. Border Construction and Maintenance
  2. Border Monitoring and Surveillance
  • Incarceration and Detention Facilities:
  1. Facility Management
  2. Youth and Family Detention
  3. Private Prison Financing
  4. Facility Surveillance and Security
  5. Transportation and Deportations
  6. Prison Labor
  • Immigrant Monitoring and Surveillance:

  1. High-Tech Surveillance of Immigrants
  2. E-carceration
  3. Bail Bonds

Each section includes a summary of the main trends and identifies the companies involved, with profiles of the main publicly traded companies among them.

We hope that this information will serve responsible investors and other stakeholders in asking these companies to step away from such business activities. We hope it will help activists build leverage and sustain public campaigns to hold these companies accountable.