DXC Technology Company is a U.S.-based multinational information technology (IT) service provider. It was founded in April, 2017 as the merger of Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC) with the Enterprise Services division of Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE). DXC Technology focuses on designing custom made technology platforms for institutional clients, like government agencies and big corporations. As a part of the merger deal, HPE assigned half of the DXC Technology board of directors, and HPE shareholders received 50 percent of the shares in DXC Technology. In addition, DXC Technology maintains its relationships with other HPE and HP Inc. divisions on existing contracts, making it another member of the “HP family.”
Many of the activities described below began as projects of Electronic Data Systems (EDS), which was bought in 2008 by Hewlett-Packard Company and rebranded as HP Enterprise Services. In 2015, Hewlett-Packard Company split into HP Inc. and Hewlett Packard Enterprise, and HP Enterprise Services became a division of HP Enterprise. In April 2017, HP Enterprise split again, and its Enterprise Services division merged with CSC to form DXC Technology.
The information below represents our assessment of the situation at the time DXC Technology officially launched. As of April, 2017, DXC Technology has not yet been incorporated in Israel, and therefore it is not clear when some of the activities described below will be transferred to it from Hewlett Packard Enterprise. None of these recent corporate restructuring activities were followed by public disclosure by these companies clarifying the separation of specific business relationships and subsidiary companies. We have reached out to them and asked for updated information, and we will update this page as we receive more information.
Technologies for Israeli Military Checkpoints
In 1999, the Israeli Ministry of Defense contracted Electronic Data Systems (EDS) to develop, install, and maintain the Basel system, which uses hand scanners and facial geometry to identify Palestinians and control their passage through military checkpoints in the occupied Palestinian territories. The system of checkpoints and discriminatory permits violates multiple international human rights and principles of international humanitarian law. The initial contract was worth 10-million USD and was financed by the U.S. government. By 2010, the system was operational in twelve checkpoints on the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. For more background information on the Basel system see WhoProfits’ report from 2011.
EDS was bought by Hewlett-Packard Company in 2008, and in 2015 became the Enterprise Services division of Hewlett Packard Enterprise. In 2016, the Israeli Ministry of Defense responded to a freedom of information inquiry submitted by WhoProfits, stating that the Israeli subsidiary of HP Enterprise is contracted to maintain and provide ongoing field support for the Basel system in West Bank and Gaza checkpoints at least until the end of 2017. Following the transfer of the Enterprise Services division into DXC Technology, this contract would be handled by DXC Technology.
Management of Israeli Population Registry and ID System
In the 1990s, the Israeli Ministry of the Interior launched Project Aviv to modernize the computerized database that contains its population registry. Hewlett-Packard Company has been managing the database since 2003, when it bought the company that initially designed it. Israeli government agencies that want to use the information need to pay per query of the database. The population registry records information about residents’ ethnic identity and religion. Israeli and Palestinian residents are required by law to carry at all times an ID card, which indicates their ethnicity and religion. This information is regularly used by the authorities on all levels to discriminate between Jews and non-Jews in Israel and in the occupied Palestinian territories.
In 2008, Israel contracted EDS Israel for the Arbel project, which included creating a biometric database of Israeli citizens, stratified by ethnicity and religion. Beginning in 2013, Hewlett-Packard Company employees have been stationed with the system to provide technical assistance to Israeli government employees. In 2008, Hewlett-Packard Company also started producing biometric ID cards for Israeli residents, including Israeli citizens, Israeli West Bank settlers, and Palestinian residents of occupied East Jerusalem. These ID cards mark ethnicity and religion information from the Aviv and Arbel systems. In 2017, Israel passed a law mandating all Israeli citizens to submit biometric information to the database. Hewlett Packard Enterprise is contracted to manage the database and produce the ID cards until 2025. At least part of this contract would be handled by DXC Technology.
Presence in Illegal Settlements
In 2006, EDS Israel established a research and development (R&D) center in the illegal settlement of Beitar Illit. The center employs ultra-orthodox women who live in the settlement. It used to be in a facility belonging to the Beitar Illit municipality, but in 2012 it was expanded and relocated into another structure through a multi-hundred thousand NIS grant from the Israeli Ministry of Trade and Industry. As of March 2017 the Beitar Illit center was operating under HPE, and it is designated to be a part of DXC Technology.
Israeli settlements in occupied Palestinian territories are illegal under international law, as was reaffirmed in 2016 by UN Security Council decision 2334. As Human Rights Watch highlighted in a 2016 report, “the only way settlement businesses can avoid or mitigate contributing to abuses in line with their responsibilities under the UN Guiding Principles is by ending their operations in settlements or in settlement-related commercial activity.”
Involvement in the Military and Prison Industries
DXC Technology offers a variety of technologies and services to militaries and security forces around the world. The company inherited several major military contracts from HP Enterprise, which was consistently ranked among the top-100 arms-producing and military services companies in the world. CSC, the other company that comprises DXC Technology, divested from its government contracts in 2015, but before that time used to be a major military contractor and was also on the top-100 arms-producing and military services companies.
On its UK website, DXC Technology boasts that, for 40 years (as CSC), it has provided the British Ministry of Defence with services such as “training, mission planning and logistics,” including “on the front line.” Some of its employees are deployed in military bases to provide direct support to military personnel. For example, EDS Corporation, which is now in DXC Technology, designed a mission planning system to be used in the fighter jets and helicopters of the British Royal Air Force (RAF). The company takes pride in the fact that, during the 2011 offensive on Libya, it exceeded its contractual obligations with the UK government and deployed its technicians to the bombers’ home base to provide “round-the-clock” support for the airstrike campaign.
In the U.S., DXC Technology’s largest defense contract is to manage the U.S. Navy’s intranet system, the largest intranet network in the world. This contract was renewed at least until 2018. The company is also contracted to provide a variety of IT services for the U.S. Strategic Command (Stratcom) until 2026, and its employees are stationed in its headquarters at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska.
In the U.S. Prison industry, one of DXC Technology largest contracts is with the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. The company designed, implemented, and now manages the California’s Strategic Offender Management System, which stores and tracks information on all current and former people incarcerated by the state. This data can be used to discriminate against formerly incarcerated persons years after their release. This contract with the State of California is in effect at least until 2019.
DXC Technology also supports mass deportations. In 2010, the HP Enterprise Services, which is now in DXC Technology, was contracted by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to design and implement a system to speed up deportation processes. The system automated the process by which the Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s (ICE) determines the immigration status and identity of suspects through tracking warrants, jail rosters and “criminal alien tracking.” Under the “Secure Communities Initiative,” this information was shared with other federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies across the U.S.
In 2014, Hewlett-Packard Company pleaded guilty to felony bribery charges of its subsidiaries in Russia, Poland, and Mexico. Hewlett-Packard representatives bribed local government officials in the three countries to secure government contracts. The company was fined a total of $108 million in criminal and regulatory penalties.
Between 2003-2007, Computer Science Corporation (CSC), the legal predecessor of DXC Technology, was involved in the U.S. extraordinary rendition, secret detention, and torture program. The company was routinely contracted by the CIA to transport unlawfully detained prisoners between “black sites.” Among the cases that became public are the rendition of a falsely-imprisoned German citizen from a CIA secret prison in Afghanistan to Albania, and the rendition of three Libyan dissidents back to the Gaddafi regime in 2004.