A US healthcare company. Provides community corrections including residential re-entry programs. Has detained small numbers of unaccompanied immigrant youth.
Acadia Healthcare Company, Inc. is a behavioral healthcare company based in Franklin, Tennessee, with operations throughout the United States and the United Kingdom. As of 2019, Acadia operates 583 behavioral healthcare facilities with approximately 18,100 beds in 40 states in the U.S., the U.K., and Puerto Rico. In 2018, Acadia generated $3 billion in annual revenue from both its US and UK operations ($1.9 billion and $1.1 billion respectively). In 2014, Acadia purchased Aspen Education Group and CRC Healthcare, both of which are involved in community corrections and youth detention.
Acadia contracts with state correctional departments in the U.S. to provide healthcare, specifically substance abuse rehabilitation and community corrections in the form of residential reentry programs. Additionally, the company operates facilities that detain unaccompanied immigrant children under the Office of Refugee and Resettlement custody and youth in the juvenile punishment system. The Office of Refugee Resettlement is the government agency that detains unaccompanied or forcibly separated immigrant youth until they are reunited with family or an adult sponsor. A 2019 Reveal News investigation determined that Acadia operates fifty facilities that provide residential treatment care for minors, although it is unclear how many detain unaccompanied immigrant youth.
In March 2019, it was revealed that the Office of Refugee Resettlement, the government office that detains unaccompanied immigrant children, was utilizing numerous unregistered facilities to detain children as young as nine years old with “mental health and behavioral challenges.” Some of these clandestine facilities are operated by Acadia Healthcare. It is unclear how many unregistered Acadia facilities are within the ORR network. Unregistered ORR facilities are unregulated and uninspected by the government. Rolling Hills Hospital in Oklahoma, one of the unregistered Acadia operated facilities uncovered in the investigation, has faced numerous allegations of “sexual harassment and physical abuse”. A 2017 lawsuit accused Acadia’s Rolling Hills facility of permitting sexual abuse of children inside the facility, destroying video evidence and refusing access to state investigators.
Based in Cupertino, California, Acadia subsidiary CRC Healthcare claims to be the largest provider of addiction treatment services. The company has substance abuse, weight management, gambling treatment, and eating disorder programs. In February 2014, CRC Healthcare bought all of Habit OPCO, Inc.’s 22 facilities located in Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey for $58 million. Habit OPCO offers reentry programs to treat people who are about to be released from prison and were addicted to drugs prior to their incarceration.
A 2013 Bloomberg news report said that a CRC clinic was chronically understaffed and dispensed take-home methadone in doses as large as a 30-day supply. A 2012 report by Salon found allegations of abuse and neglect in at least 10 CRC residential drug and teen care facilities across the country. Ex-staffers told Salon the company valued money-making over client safety.
Aspen Education Group claims to be “the leading provider of education programs for struggling and underachieving young people.” Aspen manages a network of therapeutic and rehabilitative schools and programs for youth and students, including residential treatment programs. Aspen facilities have had a number of youth tragedies. Three children died in Aspen-owned facilities in Utah, two of whom were suicides and the third was caused by medical negligence.