Doosan is a manufacturer of construction machinery. The company's products include construction equipment, industrial vehicles, diesel engines, power generators, machine tools and armored vehicles for the defense industry.
Doosan track excavators were used for the construction of the Leshem settlement outpost in the West Bank and the settlement neighborhood of Gilo in East Jerusalem. Doosan machinery was also used for construction work in the Barkan Industrial Zone in the occupied West Bank.
In East Jerusalem, Doosan track excavators were documented during the construction of the Jerusalem Light Rail, which connects settlement neighborhoods with the city center. The company's machinery was also used by Israeli contractors during house demolitions in the Palestinian neighborhoods of East Jerusalem.
Through its U.S. subsidiary, Doosan Infracore International, the company owns the Bobcat Company. Major Brands include Bobcat, Doosan Portable Power, Montabert, Geith and Tramac. The company has operations in more than 100 countries across the world, some 60 subsidiaries and a sales network consisting of 4,000 dealers. In Israel, Emcol is the official representative of both Bobcat and Doosan.
Bobcat is an American manufacturer of farm and construction machinery, specializing in mini loaders. The company sells skid steer loaders, compact excavators, compact utility vehicles and compact tractors under the Bobcat brand name.
Bobcat mini loaders were used during the construction of the Separation Wall and checkpoints. The company's mini loaders were documented performing earthwork on the land of the Palestinian village of Al-Walaja and participating in the construction of the Huwara, Anabta and Deir Sharaf checkpoints. The model most commonly used for these tasks was the S220, and the majority of tools used appear to be property of the Israeli army, as they were carrying military serial numbers.
Bobcat equipment was also used for the construction of settlement infrastructure, including maintenance works on Highway 5 in the West Bank.
The Israeli Engineering Corps is evaluating a relatively new engineering support robot – the Sahar (also known as Sand Cat or Spartacus). This robot is based on the Bobcat mini loader and is used to remove and neutralize improvised explosive devices (IEDs) from patrol routes. The Sahar system, developed jointly by IAI and Qinetiq North America, can be connected to various Bobcat models in order to control them from afar. This unmanned mini loader has been used by the army since 2011, including in the Gaza Strip.
Additionally, the Israeli army owns standard Bobcat mini loaders and uses them for a variety of purposes: for example, earthwork in Israeli Air Force bases and training for new heavy machinery operators in the Engineering Corps.
The Bobcat headquarters and three manufacturing facilities are located in North Dakota, USA. The company also has factories in Tucson, Arizona and Chicago, Illinois in the US; Pontchâteau, France; Dobříš, Czech Republic; and Wujiang, China. Additional company sites can be found in, Chennai, India; Mülheim, Germany; Shanghai, China; Singapore; and Waterloo, Belgium.